Sunflowers can tolerate many conditions, but with decent soil, moisture and light, this variety can produce 6’ plants with up to 20 3-6” flowers. This variety blooms late summer/fall, which is great for migrating butterflies. It is a good complement to one our best sellers - Tithonia (Mexican Sunflower).We have learned from painful experience that over-fertilization leads to stem weakness. It is better to plant sunflowers in “abandoned” rather than next to our well-fertilized gardens where staking may be needed. Pruning in early summer encourages stronger stems and denser growth. One big upside, sunflowers are pest resistant and unpalatable to deer and other herbivores. TRIVIA: As with so many sunflowers, native bees, pollinating flies, butterflies and beetles seek their nectar and pollen. These plants host caterpillars of Silvery Checkerspot, Gorgone Checkerspot, Bordered Patch and Painted Lady butterflies. Seeds are relished by American goldfinch and many other songbirds.Linguistic trivia: Jerusalem Artichoke is a sunflower and has nothing to do with Jerusalem or Artichokes. “Gira sol” means “turns toward the sun”...it’s a sunflower. Warning: Don’t plant Jerusalem Artichoke - THAT sunflower - in your garden unless you want to spend many seasons rooting out its aggressive root structure.